Baguettes are something I’ve had my sights on for some time and they’re also probably one of the most requested. I’m really happy these are the first ones to share here. These demi-baguettes are comprised of close to 50% whole grain, most of which is fresh milled kamut1, an ancient wheat variety. Kamut imparts a sweet and nutty flavor to this dough that contrasts beautifully with the baguette’s rustic and craggy crust. I’ve talked in the past about spelt which also has some of these characteristics, but kamut, to me, is even sweeter and also brings a very appealing creamy, yellow color to the crumb. The hallmark of a good baguette is a thin, crispy crust and ultra tender interior — I’d say this recipe yields just that, and more.
But first, let’s talk about the mill giveaway.
I’ve partnered with Pleasant Hill Grain to give away a brand new KoMo Classic electric grain mill to one lucky reader of The Perfect Loaf. I’m very excited about this giveaway; it’s the first one of its kind here, and I love the idea of getting more people into baking sourdough with fresh milled flour. Entry to the giveaway is at the bottom of this post, so read on and enter!
In this post I explore a few new techniques to produce some truly delicious fresh milled kamut demi-baguettes. First, the dough is bulk fermented in the refrigerator (cold bulk) which adds flexibility to this recipe as the final proof can take place at a variety of times the second day. In addition, because the dough is cold and firm from being in the refrigerator, I find it much easier to handle when shaped. Second, the dough will undergo its final proof on the counter at a warm temperature on a couche, or baker’s linen. This final proof for the dough is typically between 1-2 hours and using the famed “poke test,” we’re able to determine when the dough should be baked. Finally, I utilize a stiff preferment to bring more control to the fermentation in this dough and add additional strength.
First, let’s talk about kamut and the other grains used in this recipe.
I’ve always liked the idea of using a high percentage of whole grains when making baguettes. This recipe, at close to fifty percent whole grain, is more than I had originally planned for — the fresh milled kamut tastes so good I couldn’t help but continuing to increase the percentage. The surprising thing is, when eating one, you’d be hard pressed to say there’s this much whole grain packed in there. The kamut flour is naturally sweet and has a wonderful yellowish hue to it (I find it somewhat similar to durum) — these things directly translate to the finished, baked baguette. And all of these wonderful qualities seem to be amplified even further since the flour is fresh milled hours before mixing.
In addition to the whole grain kamut, there’s also a portion of red whole wheat in this recipe. I use this red wheat mostly in the levain build (outlined below) but it does bring a depth of flavor to the dough, even in such a small percentage. This red wheat could be replaced by either more kamut, another grain such as spelt, or replaced entirely with white flour.
The kamut milled for this post was done exclusively on my KoMo mill just like the one in the giveaway below. I find that milling such a large quantity of raw kamut berries does tend to heat up the resulting flour right out of the mill. To offset this, I place the required kamut berries in the freezer a couple hours before milling. Additionally, I like to mill all the grain needed for the recipe at the same time I build my levain, this gives it several hours to cool and reach room temperature (if necessary).
To keep the milled flour cool, place the kamut berries in the freezer
Now that we have our flour selected, let’s discuss a few new techniques for making these kamut demi-baguettes.
Techniques for Shaping and Proofing Demi-Baguettes
Lots of complicated thoughts rolled around my head when I first attempted shaping baguettes, as is true with anything with bread, really. Over time thinking gives way to muscle memory and thoughtlessness, a true learned skill. The best way to get good at shaping these is to simply do them over, and over.
There are a myriad of ways to shape these, and each baker has their preference, but I’ve stuck to the method outlined by Jeffrey Hamelman in his seminal book, BREAD2. This approach imparts significant structure to the dough and this is beneficial when working with this formula — the higher hydration dough can be sticky and a bit slack. This shaping method helps keep the shape tight through its warm proof all the way to the oven.
With this style, I see five steps to shaping a baguette:
- Starting with a preshaped round, first fold the top half down to the middle and seal (upper left image, below)
- Flip the dough 180° and fold the new top down to the middle again, slightly overlapping the first fold (upper right image, below)
- Using your left hand place your thumb horizontally with the middle seam and, using your fingers on the left hand, pick up and curl the top edge of the dough up and over your thumb. At each curl, use your right palm to lightly seal this curl to the middle of the dough. Work your way from the right side of the dough all the way to the left. Note that your right hand is only sealing the dough with the palm, it does nothing else (lower left image, below)
- Flip the dough 180° and repeat step 3 above, but this time seal the dough all the way to the bottom firmly against the bench
- Using one hand, start rolling the dough away and toward your body in the middle, then transition to two hands and roll the dough back and forth as evenly as possible until the desired length is achieved. Note that during this rolling it’s best to keep your finger tips and palms in contact with the bench at all times
The image below shows steps 1, 2, and 3. Starting in the upper left (1), upper right (2), lower left (3) and then lower right (dough resting before step 4).It’s worth showing more detail on the sealing portion of this technique (steps 3 and 4). The images below show the second set of sealing, that is, after the 4th image above and the dough has been rotated 180° to finish the shape before rolling.Once you have sealed up the entire length, you can now begin step 5: rolling out the cylinder to the desired length (for me, 14″ long). First, use one hand in the middle of the cylinder to start rolling and create the initial starting taper. You want it to be thicker in the middle with a gradual taper to the very ends. Then, as you’re rolling with one hand transition into using two hands next to each other and continue rolling back and forth to thin, and gradually taper, the cylinder.
Be sure to keep your finger tips and palms in contact with the bench as you roll back and forth, this helps create consistent taper on each side of the dough.
Preparing a Proofing Surface
This dough undergoes most of bulk fermentation in the fridge, meaning we’ll be finishing off the proof for the dough at room temperature on the counter. To do this we need a few items to ensure the dough holds shape and doesn’t spread:
- wooden proofing board (or large cutting board, or just the counter)
- couche (or very large kitchen towel, or several towels)
Gather a wooden proofing board (mine is 18” x 26”), or cutting board, to serve as a proofing surface. Spread out a couche3, or large kitchen towel, on the proofing surface.
Tightly roll one end (left side, above), the starting end, to provide a stiff “book end.” Thoroughly dust the couche where the dough will rest and, after shaping each baguette, place the dough parallel to this rolled end. Then, pick up the couche at the top and bottom and form a crease at the right side. Essentially this will create a well where the proofing dough will rest. Continue placing shaped baguette one after the other, seam side up, on the couche while folding it until all pieces have been placed (see the above photo). At the ends, you can then drape the couche up and over the dough to keep everything in shape and covered.
Fresh Milled Kamut Demi-Baguette Formula
Traditional baguettes are longer than the demi-baguettes outlined here, but in a home oven we’re limited by space. I tested varying lengths and dough weights for these baguettes and settled on a 14” length (the depth of my Baking Steel baking surface) and 300g weight. At a dough weight of 300g, these are thin but they still have substance and are perfect for sandwiches. I started testing these at 350g per baguette, and they were almost like mini-batards rather than demi-baguettes. However, if you’d rather them be wider and have more heft, increase the weight of each until the result is to your liking.
The hydration of this dough is relatively high for baguettes, but the fresh milled kamut can take on quite a bit of water before becoming over hydrated. When mixing, you might want to hold back some water until you’re sure your dough can handle the entirety.
|Total Dough Weight||2000 grams|
|Yield||6 x 300 gram baguettes (approximately 14″ long)|
Levain Build (Stiff)
|22g||Mature liquid starter (100% hydration)||50%|
|22g||Whole Wheat Flour (Giusto’s Whole Wheat)||50%|
|22g||White Bread Flour @ ~11.5% protein, malted (Giusto’s Artisan Baker’s Flour)||50%|
|22g||H2O @ room temperature||50%|
Target final dough temperature (FDT) is 78°F.
Note that the baker’s percentages listed below are with respect to the final dough ingredients and do not take into account the levain.
|373g||Fresh Milled Kamut (Khorasan Wheat)||36.46%|
|352g||White Bread Flour, ~11.5% Protein (Giusto’s Artisan Baker’s Flour)||34.38%|
|213g||High Gluten Bread Flour, ~13.5% Protein (Central Milling High Mountain)||20.83%|
|85g||Whole Wheat Flour (Giusto’s Whole Wheat, Fine)||8.33%|
|864g||H2O @ 80°F||84.38%|
|3g||Diastatic Malt Powder (Optional)||0.26%|
|85g||Mature, stiff levain (See levain build, above)||8.33%|
1. Levain – 11:00 a.m.
Build the stiff levain (everything listed in the Levain Build section above) in the morning and store somewhere around 80°F ambient until ripe, about 4 hours.
2. Autolyse – 2:00 p.m.
Mix flour and water (reserve 100g water for mix, later) in a bowl until all dry bits are hydrated. Cover bowl and store somewhere warm, near the levain, for 1 hour.
3. Mix – 3:00 p.m.
Breakup the called for stiff levain on top of the resting dough in the mixing bowl. Add the salt and the reserved mixing water. Mix until well combined.
Dump the dough onto the counter and slap and fold the dough (French fold) for about 5-6 minutes, just until the dough starts to show signs of a smooth surface. If you aren’t comfortable with slap/fold method, or don’t like it, you can do stretch and folds in the bowl until the dough tightens up and becomes harder to stretch out and fold over. Transfer the dough back to the mixing bowl and cover.
Let the dough rest 15 minutes.
After 15 minutes, dump the dough out to the counter and mix (slap/fold) for an additional 2-5 minutes until the dough starts showing signs its catching air and has tightened up. We’re not looking for full gluten development, but enough development so the dough only needs 2-3 sets of stretch and folds during bulk fermentation.
Transfer the dough to a tub or thick-walled bowl for bulk fermentation.
4. Warm Bulk Fermentation – 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m.
At 78-82°F ambient temperature, this portion of bulk fermentation will go for 2 hours.
Perform a total of 3 sets of stretch and folds during bulk, spaced out by 30 minutes. After the last set, let the dough rest for the last 30 minutes then cover the bulk container and place in the refrigerator until the next day.
5. Cold Bulk Fermentation – 5:30 p.m. to 8:00 a.m. (next day)
The duration of this cold bulk fermentation step is very flexible. The dough can continue to rest in the fridge several more hours (or perhaps even more) after I have listed here, if desired. Take it out and proceed with the rest of the process when convenient.The image above shows my dough at the end of the warm bulk (left) and after pulling the dough out the next day after the cold bulk (right). Even though the dough was in the fridge you can still see plenty of rise and activity in the dough. Note that in the right image above, the area in the middle pushed up and pressed against the plastic wrap.
6. Divide & Preshape – 8:00 a.m.
Take the cold bulk fermentation container out of the fridge, uncover, and dump the dough onto an un-floured work surface. The dough will feel very cold and stiff, and because of this, you will not need much (or any) bench flour to divide and preshape it into rounds.
Using a scale, divide the mass of dough into six 300g pieces (you might have a bit of dough remaining). Using your hands, gently preshape the dough pieces into rounds. I prefer to gently preshape this dough. It will be cold, stiff, and challenging to shape into a super tight ball — but this is not necessary. The strength from the stiff dough will help hold its shape long enough for it to warm up and relax, right before final shaping.
Let the rounds rest for 30 minutes, uncovered.
7. Shape – 8:30 a.m.
After the 30 minute rest the dough should be warmer to the touch and slightly relaxed. If the dough still feels very cold, firm, and it hasn’t relaxed at all, give it another 5-10 minutes.
8. Proof en Couche – 8:45 a.m. to 10:15 a.m. (appx. 1.5 hours)
Again, refer to the section near the beginning of this post on preparing a proofing surface for details on how to proof this dough.
Use the “poke test” (when poked, the dough slowly fills back the indention) to determine when the dough is ready for the oven. This was approximately 1.5 hours for me at room temperature (~75°F to 78°F).
Note that you’ll have to preheat your oven at some point when your dough is proofing.
9. Bake – Preheat oven at 9:15 a.m., Bake at 10:15 a.m.
Preheat your oven for one hour at 500°F.
One challenge with these baguettes is you’ll likely have to bake these in two batches. If you have two racks each with a baking stone (or Baking Steel), you could utilize both surfaces and bake all six simultaneously. My method is to break the bake up into two sessions: in the first, three are loaded and baked. Then, the remaining three baguettes are left on the couche, folded up gently, and placed into the refrigerator until it’s time to start the second baking session.
To start the first baking session, ready a pizza peel lined with parchment paper. I use one large piece to cover the entire peel, which is exactly the same width as my baking surface.
Grab the right end of the couche and pull it out so the piece of dough moves away from the rest. Then, using a dough transfer board (a smaller pizza peel or small cutting board could also work), place the board to the inside of the baguette (the side closest the rest of the dough pieces). With the hand holding the couche, quickly flip the dough onto the peel by tugging up and slightly over the transfer board. The baguette should now be seam side down on the transfer board.Slide the dough off the transfer board and onto the prepared pizza peel with parchment paper, seam side down, and continue until you have three pieces (see below).Once all three baguettes are on the parchment paper, score each with three (or more, or less) slashes. Each slash should fairly shallow to the dough, and the beginning of one should overlap about 20% of the previous. Scoring these takes practice!
Slide the parchment paper with dough onto your baking surface. Due to their smaller mass, these baguettes will take less time to bake than a large hearth loaf. Once the dough is loaded, steam the oven and turn it down to 475°F. Bake for 20 minutes at 475°F with steam. Then, remove the steaming pans, vent the oven, and turn it down to 450°F. Bake for an additional 20-25 minutes until done.
Cool on a rack and repeat for the remaining three baguettes from the fridge.
I steamed my oven in my usual way, described here in my post on how to steam your home oven for baking.
These fresh milled kamut demi-baguettes are mouthwatering. As you eat your way through one of these (and believe me, that’s an easy task) you would never think they’re comprised of almost 50% whole grain. They are sweet, nutty, tender, and light in the hand. The craggy crust plays well with the interior flavors and textures and provides just the right crunch at each bite — the perfect contrast.
The goal for a baguette is a very thin, crackly crust. The crust is slightly thicker than with an all-white flour baguette, but this is not a bad thing. I like the extra crunch and the contrast between the rustic crust and creamy crumb is further emphasized. However, because of their shape and lack of moisture-retaining mass, they will dry out quicker than, say, a 1 kg batard. Therefore, these really are at peak eating quality the day they are baked.
Open, light, creamy — I couldn’t want anything more. Through sufficient and proper fermentation, this recipe achieves the tender and open interior indicative of a great baguette. When cut open, the yellow hue of the crumb is visually striking against the well-baked crust. It’s a beautiful sight.
The flavor of fresh milled kamut shines through prominently in these demi-baguettes — a sweetness not normally found in such high percentage of whole grain. I find this grain to be the perfect addition to a baguette dough. This sweetness, in combinations with a subtle nutty flavor, plays well against the meager hint of sourness present — a very balanced flavor profile.
The KoMo is able to mill finely milled kamut that brings loads of flavor and nutrition to these demi-baguettes. As you know, I love using fresh milled flour and this ancient grain is the perfect addition to this dough.
KoMo Grain Mill Giveaway
This is the first giveaway here at The Perfect Loaf and I couldn’t think of a better item than a KoMo Classic grain mill — the same mill used in this post and the one I’ve been using for a couple months. It’s a fantastic little mill that oozes quality; from the handmade wood housing to the intuitive controls, its simple operation means you can quickly go from whole berries to flour. With a quick turn of the top hopper, you can easily adjust the grind from fine flour to coarse, cracked grain. In the past few months I’ve found myself pulling out this mill frequently, whether it’s for a small percentage of red whole wheat or a 100% whole wheat loaf.
The giveaway will run until the end of next weekend and is limited to one entry per person. Additionally, it’s limited to legal residents of the United States that are 18 years and older. One winner will be randomly selected from the entrants using the widget above.
Thanks so much to Pleasant Hill Grain for sponsoring this giveaway. Good luck and buon appetito!
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Kamut is the commercial name for khorasan wheat.↩
A couche, or baker’s linen, is a large rectangle of slightly-stiff linen that can be rolled and folded to hold proofing dough in shape.↩