Shaping buns and rolls

Shaping Buns and Rolls

This post might include affiliate links. Please see my policy.

Shaping buns and rolls require a slightly different approach than a standard loaf of sourdough bread. Typically, dough weights are much smaller, and it's also usually enriched with butter and sugar. This makes for a softer dough that can be challenging to handle depending on the percentage of these ingredients. This guide will go into my approach for shaping buns and rolls, the pans I like to use, and a few other tips and tricks I've discovered along the way.

Be sure to read on to the end of this guide for a shaping video 👇🏼

While there might be some challenges to making sourdough buns and rolls, they're worth the effort. And I feel like once you get the hang of handling the soft dough, shaping becomes quick and effortless.

See my guide to shaping bread dough for other shapes such as large boules and bâtards →

What are the differences between a bun and a roll?

I see buns and rolls somewhat similar; in most cases, the dough can likely be used interchangeably.

To me, rolls are typically proofed, baked closer together, and used for dipping or eating alongside other food. This might mean rolls that “tear apart,” and they are usually extremely soft. I like to use sourdough rolls for dinners (especially Thanksgiving), but they're also great with soups and stews.

On the other hand, buns are usually proofed with space between them, which causes a crust to form uniformly around the bun (as you can see in the image below). Buns are great for hamburgers and egg sandwiches—essentially, they're made to be filled.

Shaping buns and rolls
Recipe: Soft Sourdough Potato Buns

My favorite pans and trays for making buns and rolls

Over the years, I've found the following pans to be the best for sourdough buns and rolls. They're nonstick (although I still butter the interior), extremely durable, and have lasted so many bakes in my home kitchen without giving up.

Shaping buns and rolls

LloydPans 10×2.25-inch round pan.

These LLoydPans are nonstick and conduct heat incredibly well, browning the bottom and sides of whatever is inside just as well as the top. They're made in the USA and are extremely durable. This pan is shown holding fourteen 85g rolls (they're large).

Sourdough buns and rolls

USA Pan 8-inch square pan.

This 8×8-inch USA Pan is great for packing in smaller, 65-gram rolls. The pan has a natural nonstick liner, which makes cleanup a breeze. This pan is shown holding sixteen 65-gram rolls.

Soft sourdough potato buns

Nordic Ware Aluminum Half Sheet

I use these Nordic Ware half-sheet pans (18 x 13-inches) lined with parchment paper for buns. These conduct heat very well and are spacious enough to hold large buns. This pan is shown holding five 120g hamburger buns.

Shaping buns and rolls, step by step

Shaping buns and rolls is a very similar process. I first divide the dough in bulk fermentation into smaller pieces, then shape immediately and place it into its proofing pan.

If your dough is very sticky, place the bulk fermentation container into the fridge for 15 minutes.

If the dough is very slack and sticky, I like to place the bulk fermentation container in the fridge for 15 minutes or until the dough is slightly cool to the touch and firm. This makes shaping easier and means less flour is needed for your work surface.

Using your bench knife can minimize the dough sticking to your fingers when dealing with a soft, enriched dough.

As you can see above, the process is simply taking a piece of divided dough, rounding it with your bench knife or hand, then pushing the dough against the work surface to create tension on the outside of the bun or roll.

It's essential with buns and rolls to develop a uniform and tight exterior skin on the dough. Use the side of your hand to push the dough as it slightly anchors to the work surface (see below).

Tightly shaping a sourdough roll

How to proof buns and rolls

Cover your baking pan or sheet with large reusable plastic to prevent a skin from forming on the dough during proofing. I like to either puff up the bag with air and then quickly seal it shut or use a tall cup inside the bag to prop it up off of the dough (as seen below).

Shaping buns and rolls in proof

A video of me shaping buns and rolls

The video below shows me shaping my Super Soft Sourdough Rolls, a dough enriched with butter, sugar, and a tangzhong base. The dough is rather soft; I use my bench knife to help shape the sourdough buns into a tight shape.

When shaping sticky and soft buns or rolls, it's helpful to place the dough in the fridge for 15 minutes to firm up before shaping, as discussed earlier.

What's next?

If you're looking to shape bread dough into other round shapes, check out my boule shaping guide for a method for shaping larger pieces.

After reviewing this shaping buns and rolls guide, check out these buns and rolls recipes to put your new shaping skills to use!

The Perfect Loaf Logo

Join the Membership

The Perfect Loaf has been helping others learn to bake sourdough bread since 2013, help support the site to continue to grow with more baking guides, recipes, and more. As a member, you’ll receive baker’s perks: Ad-free reading site-wide; Access to a members-only chat to post pictures and receive baking help; access to baking spreadsheets, formula archives, and other baking tools; and baking hardware & supply discounts. Your support is greatly appreciated.